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EFM 4622 - Moog Taurus VCF Clone
MUFF WIGGLER Forum Index -> Music Tech DIY  
Author EFM 4622 - Moog Taurus VCF Clone
logicgate
I've spent some time reading the schematics and following the components layout found here:

http://www.google.com.br/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=efm%204622&source=web&cd=2&v ed=0CD0QFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.modular.fonik.de%2Ffiles%2FEFMforum% 2ForgEFMfiles%2Fefm-4600-doc_01.pdf&ei=bwc2UpyAEJTU9AS3roC4Aw&usg=AFQj CNFNphlzGYKM6wc06K53CVMhvs2vPQ&bvm=bv.52164340,d.eWU



Came up with this:





I think it's ok, but dunno, I'm a noob at this. I'm attaching the Express PCB file to this post, the software is free so you can open the file and make corrections if needed.

We could ask permission for a PCB run, but if doesn't happen we can print the PCB layout and etch at home.

Cheers! Guinness ftw!
raisinbag
OMG that would be so cool. I don't know if Tom G is even findable but Fonik would know if anyone. I have two EFM pcbs I never even populated yet from when I was on aynthDIY mail list. This would certainly be fun!
windspirit
What format is that for? I have never seen a power header like that.
logicgate
windspirit wrote:
What format is that for? I have never seen a power header like that.


It's for eurorack

According to Express PCB it's this part:

http://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?lang=en&site=us&KeyWords=mhb1 6k&x=0&y=0


It's the same 16pin euro connector, no?
roglok
logicgate wrote:
windspirit wrote:
What format is that for? I have never seen a power header like that.


It's for eurorack

According to Express PCB it's this part:

http://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?lang=en&site=us&KeyWords=mhb1 6k&x=0&y=0


It's the same 16pin euro connector, no?


if the circuit doesn't need a 5v supply, 10 pin box headers are usually used for eurorack power. also, the pinout on your PCB doesn't match the Doepfer specs. see point 4.1.4 on this page for the standard specifications: http://www.doepfer.de/DIY/a100_diy.htm
Piedwagtail
Pin 1 from 3046 through middle of C3 over the top through R6 to C9!

Suggest:
Diptrace (free for 300 pins) is the step on from ExpressPCB does gerbers/drill file; forget all the schematic nonsense; launch the layout immediately and after a few hoops it's far quicker than the ol'Express.
logicgate
@roglok

Ah I see! Corrected. Thanks.



@Piedwagtail

Thanks for the suggestion! It does look better now

I'll try diptrace, I hope it's easy to use as Express PCB.


I've ordered a couple of perfboards, gonna try to build it this week or the next and see if it works, I'll keep you guys posted.



Here new image and new file uploaded:

diablojoy
Quote:
I'll try diptrace, I hope it's easy to use as Express PCB

another program to try is Freepcb
I found it a bit easier than all the rest.

via's are your friend , there are more than a few places where swapping layers would have helped. like avoiding going around/between IC pins.
widdly
I built this one on perf ages and found the inputs are way too hot. Also if you want to use more than one input at once it needs some changes. If I did it again I would add a summer on the input with less than unity gain.

I found the output is a bit low too so if you add a summer you can use a dual opamp and add a gain stage on the output.

The filter does sound awesome and moog-a-liscous. It's got fruity tone and a sweet sine self oscillation.
widdly
seriously, i just don't get it seriously, i just don't get it
Nantonos
logicgate wrote:
windspirit wrote:
What format is that for? I have never seen a power header like that.

It's for eurorack

According to Express PCB it's this part:
http://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?lang=en&site=us&KeyWords=mhb1 6k&x=0&y=0
It's the same 16pin euro connector, no?


Its the same connector that Eurorack uses, but wired up very differently. If you plugged this into a Euro PSU it would short -12V to ground, for a start.

Edit: posted before I noticed that an updated, corrected schematic had been posted.
logicgate
I started using diptrace now, thx for the tip!

Really powerful.


I laid the schematics and followed the components layout found on the pdf file, diptrace autorouted nicely, I only had to make minor adjustments.


Anyways, here's the proto:




I'll be etching this and test if it will work haha hihi


Stay tuned


EDIT:

Forgot to mention that I still need to route the inputs/outputs to a common area and use headers for them
fonik
as with all tom gamble designs you have to consider the following:
the schematic is most likely correct, while the PCB most likely has errors. so actually no problem, since you roll your own PCB - nevertheless, i lately built an old EFM filter, and found an error on the schematic itself. so breadboard first.
furthermore, while tom gamble did a great job on simplifying designs, his PCB design skills have not been that good.
so i would not follow his layout of components positioning, but rather follow the common rules.

what common rules? the first simple rules that come to my mind are:
- put input/output resistors as close to the opamps as possible
- keep traces as short as possible
- use decent trace width especially for power, and all the more for GND

others could easily add more rules they find important, i bet.
logicgate
fonik wrote:
as with all tom gamble designs you have to consider the following:
the schematic is most likely correct, while the PCB most likely has errors. so actually no problem, since you roll your own PCB - nevertheless, i lately built an old EFM filter, and found an error on the schematic itself. so breadboard first.
furthermore, while tom gamble did a great job on simplifying designs, his PCB design skills have not been that good.
so i would not follow his layout of components positioning, but rather follow the common rules.

what common rules? the first simple rules that come to my mind are:
- put input/output resistors as close to the opamps as possible
- keep traces as short as possible
- use decent trace width especially for power, and all the more for GND

others could easily add more rules they find important, i bet.



Thx Matthias!

I'll keep that in mind. If the filter works as desired, I'm gonna try to widen the traces the maximum I can in the next revision. Maybe Rdunning a broad ground trace all around the PCB?
cheers!!!
raisinbag
fonik wrote:
as with all tom gamble designs you have to consider the following:
the schematic is most likely correct, while the PCB most likely has errors. so actually no problem, since you roll your own PCB - nevertheless, i lately built an old EFM filter, and found an error on the schematic itself. so breadboard

others could easily add more rules they find important, i bet.


Fonik - Which filter did you build. I have one I haven't built yet as well. I think it is the vxf2e? It is the diode ladder one. Just curious I it is same one you did, then I could pick your brain about the errors.

Logicgate - would love to hear audio once you get it working. nanners
fonik
logicgate wrote:
Maybe Rdunning a broad ground trace all around the PCB?

a kind of star configuration is desirable, i think.
flood
at the risk of performing thread necromancy, perhaps a little help for anybody who might attempt this design and is getting nothing out of it:

using an LM13700, this filter did not work at all for me until i connected V+ through a 33k resistor to the current input (pin 1/16). it took me a while to figure this out - audio-traced the input signal all the way to the input of the OTA and was getting nothing at the output. i had always been puzzled by the schematic, because the current input shows only a 470k resistor to ground and there is no positive bias going to the OTA.

i'm not sure if this is the right solution or not, but it seems to work for me. i get a decent resonance going but will swap out the ceramics with film caps and see the difference. hope this is useful to somebody.
fonik
ha! i believe you are absolutely correct.
i will put a note on the schematics ASAP.
flood
fonik wrote:
ha! i believe you are absolutely correct.
i will put a note on the schematics ASAP.


danke matthias! good to know that i'm not the only one who thinks so smile i was a little selbstverzweifelt initially...

my only other change - i'm going directly into the 10uF cap at the beginning, having shorted the 100k input resistor. i do not know if this makes a difference because nothing happened until i put that positive voltage on pin 1.

other thoughts - if using input lower value input resistors (say 10k?), it may or may not be useful to put an input summing buffer between multiple audio inputs and the transistor base... i haven't tried this yet, don't plan on having more than 1-2 inputs at most. am also thinking about having opamp-buffered CV.

a make-up gain stage may be useful too - while the output is sufficiently usable, there is a volume drop for sure.

in the future, i'll build this without the VCA - i'm considering the other half of the OTA for CV controlled resonance.
fonik
yes, that's one issue with the EFM designs. Tom tried to simplify the circuits as much as possible, and now we try to improve them again and beef them up.

BTW about output and input impedances:

"...module A has 1K output impedance and module B has 10K input impedance.
This means you have a voltage divider with an attenuation factor of:
10K / (1K + 10K) = 10K/11K = 0.909
So this patch loses almost 10% amplitude..."

Voltage Divider and Impedance (BrotherTheo on muffwiggler)

you can easily see that 100k input impedance would be better?
flood
fonik wrote:

you can easily see that 100k input impedance would be better?


yes, definitely. i did however see some schematics while browsing around in which the 100k input resistor had been lowered to 10k or skipped completely, input connected straight to the cap.

so far, i think the next time i attempt this build i will modify the schematic for the following:

- opamp buffer to transistor base
- THAT300 arrays for the ladder
- opamp buffers on the 13700 outputs
- VC controlled resonance

let's see how it goes. smile
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